UN World Youth Report


Monday, 23 September 2013 15:11

E-Consultation on preparing to Migrate

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NOTE: The Week 1 e-consultation is now CLOSED. It is no longer possible to add new comments. For those of you who have not had time to read all of the comments from the week 1 e-consultation, please click here to download the summary of the discussion.




Thank you and congratulations to all those who have contributed to the discussion so far on the experiences of in the pre-migration process! We are so pleased with the interesting comments that have been shared. We still want to keep this platform very conversational so please keep on commenting and sharing your thoughts with all of us! Today we will discuss how to promote safe migration options among young people and the role of youth organizations in this ( For the questions for today, Monday, 28 January 2013, please scroll down this page).

For those of you who are joining us for the first time, welcome to the first segment of a series of e-discussions on youth migration and development! You still have an opportunity to share your comments on today and last week Friday's questions. In this week's consultation, we are exploring the experiences and perspectives of young people when they plan or are preparing to migrate from their country of origin to another (host/destination country). Your ideas and comments on the questions below will contribute to the forthcoming UN World Youth Report 2013. Usually 2-3 questions relating to “preparing to migrate” will be posted each day -between Wednesday, 23 January to Monday, 28 January 2013 - for the Week 1 consultation. This week’s discussion is moderated by Michael Boampong and our guest moderator, Dyane Epstein. Our moderators will be online to keep the discussion active. Please note that in responding to the questions below we encourage you to share your personal experiences, especially if you are a young migrant, return migrant or a child/relative of a migrant.

Meet the Week 1 Moderators:

Michael Boampong, Lead moderator
Michael Boampong has been actively engaged in youth development and migration issues since 2005. He has worked with a range of civil society organizations, youth networks and international agencies such as UNDP and UNICEF in the design and implementation of policy and field oriented initiatives that promote rights based approaches to migration, poverty reduction, social inclusion and justice.


Dyane Epstein, Guest moderator
Dyane Epstein has over 18 years of work experience in national and international programme development and management, including over 12 years of work experience with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on a variety of migration-related programmes and projects. These have included emergency response, migration and development, assisted voluntary return and reintegration, counter-trafficking, policy development, refugee resettlement, labour migration, migration health, information campaigns, and strategic plan development. She is currently Chief of Mission for IOM Ghana where she has worked since 2009.



The e-consultations is coordinated by the UN Focal Point on Youth and is opened to all young people (15-35 years) interested in migration and development issues.

Please introduce yourself when you post a comment by indicating your Name (first name & initial of last name if preferred), Age, Sex, Country and Youth Organisation (if any).

We welcome comments in Spanish and French and have installed a Google translate for translation purposes (see above).

For technical issues, please write to This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

According to a UN report, young people represent a major proportion of those migrating annually given that in many cases, the age range 18 to 29 accounts for between 36 per cent and 57 per cent of international migrants who have left their homes and families to pursue dreams of success, start new lives and/or temporarily relocate to study or work. How did they plan their journey? Setting a date, mobilizing funds, identifying a destination country, communicating with family and friends in preferred destination countries, identifying a school or job outside their country of origin and booking travel arrangements are some of the basics involved in traveling abroad. However, migrants, especially youth are at risk of exploitation, physical abuse, psychological stress and barriers to their planned success unless they take the time to make an informed and safe decision about their journey and communicate with family and friends.

Young people who lack information on how to migrate legally are more likely to travel without proper documentation and/or may rely on ‘shady agents’ who could deliberately lead them into situations of forced labour or trafficking under dangerous and deadly conditions such as hunger and physical exhaustion and abuse. It is therefore critical that all migrants, especially youth, are aware of the risks and consequences of irregular migration and their basic rights and obligations as workers or students abroad.

It is also important to consider that many youth do not have time to prepare and are forced into situations of migration or displacement, as is the case in natural disasters or conflict situations, and still others are feeling the consequences of the global recession with a lack of employment opportunities for migrants or inability to have visas renewed, which could force those migrants into more risky employment situations and situations of irregularity.


Day Question
Wednesday, 23 January 2013
  1. Do you intend to migrate or have you migrated already? If so, what are your main reasons for migrating from your country or city to another location?
  2. When considering migration, would you choose to move within your country to another village or city prior to attempting an international journey? Please explain, if possible from a personal experience.
  3. Who influenced your decision to migrate or how do you think others influence youth to migrate? Be specific, including social, economic or other concerns for you, your family or friends. One example, how do your parents feel about your decision to migrate?
Thursday, 24 January 2013
  1. What unique challenges face youth who are preparing to migrate and how different can this be in relation to other migrant groups (such as children or the elderly)? Also share with us any gender concerns. For instance, if young females have any unique challenges as compared to young males
  2. What are the main obstacles preventing some youth from migrating legally or with proper travel documentation? Can you identify the risks/consequences associated with migrating outside of legal channels?
  3. Are you aware of your rights as a migrant or migrants’ rights? If yes, how did you learn about your rights as a migrant?
Friday, 25 January 2013
  1. Share with us how you as a migrant or other young migrants finance your/their migration to other countries? To what extent do you think the cost to travel from your city or country, does impact your or other young people’s decision to migrate legally or illegally?
  2. In your country, what resources or services are available to assist youth with the pre-migration process? In what ways can youth organizations and relevant stakeholders assist youth in the planning process of migration?
  3. How do you or other young people use technology, for instance internet in your/their preparations to migrate? How could current technology be better utilized to inform youth about making safe migration choices?
Monday, 28 January 2013
  1. What are the best ways to reach out to youth on safe migration options, processes, etc.?
  2. What are you or youth organizations in your country/community doing to inform other young people about safe migration options and the dangers associated with irregular/undocumented migration?
  3. If you are a migrant or a return migrant, what two top pieces of advice would you provide to youth or your friends who are preparing to migrate?
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The UN Focal Point on Youth aims to build awareness of the global situation of young people, as well as promote their rights and aspirations, working toward greater participation of young people in decision-making as a means for achieving peace and development.

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