UN World Youth Report



WYR 2013 Chapter Four

Suggestions for Further Reading

Interested in learning more about this issue? Then take a look at our suggestions for further reading.

-2013 UN World Youth Report: Youth Migration and Development. Youth and labour migration: summary of week 5 online discussions.

Available from http://www.unworldyouthreport.org/images/docs/summary_week_5_online_discussions.pdf

This summary document presents youth perspectives on factors that influence young people’s decision to migrate for employment, factors or characteristics in young migrants that determine their employment outcomes in countries of destination, and challenges specific to young migrants that they or their migrant friends, relatives or acquaintances have faced in the labour markets of destination countries. Good practices on youth employment are presented, along with recommendations on what young migrants believe can improve labour migrants’ working conditions.

-2013 UN World Youth Report: Youth Migration and Development. Return/no return migration of youth migrants: summary of week 3 online discussions.

Available from http://unworldyouthreport.org/images/docs/summary_week_3_online_discussions.pdf.

The main reasons behind young people’s decision to return or not to return to their native countries are explored in this document. The development potential of returning youth migrants is also highlighted. Based on the combined perspectives of youth, the paper contends that “creating an environment that facilitates the economic and social integration of return migrants and raising awareness about existing opportunities for return migrants in their country of origin is likely to stimulate return migration, and therewith development in countries of origin.”

-2013 UN World Youth Report: Youth Migration and Development. Youth migration: challenges and opportunities of migrant youth in destination countries: summary of [week 2] online discussions.

Available from http://www.unworldyouthreport.org/images/docs/summary_week_2_part2_online_discussions.pdf

The unique experiences of young migrants, including native-born and foreign-born immigrants, are related in this summary report. Based on an analysis of youth perspectives, the report underscores the importance of strengthening social and economic integration mechanisms to address the unique needs of young immigrants and of promoting youth participation in addressing challenges such as discrimination.

-Garrett, Katherine E., ed. (2006). Living In America: Challenges Facing New Immigrants and Refugees. Prepared for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation by Lake Snell Perry Mermin/Decision Research.

Available from http://www.policyarchive.org/handle/10207/bitstreams/21623.pdf

This report examines the living situations of new immigrants and refugees in the United States. An effort is made in the report to highlight some of the social and economic challenges young immigrants face and how these affect their prospects for obtaining quality education, employment and housing. The report identifies a number of actions that could help immigrants and refugees overcome these challenges in order to live productive lives.

-Khanlou, Nazilla, and others (2002). Mental Health Promotion among Newcomer Female Youth: Post-Migration Experiences and Self-Esteem. Ottawa: Status of Women Canada.

This participatory action research undertaken with females attending secondary school in Toronto examines the mental health situation of newcomer female youth. The study identifies a number of factors that influence the mental health of young female migrants and concludes that relationships with parents and friends play an important supportive role. The study advocates for measures that promote the mental health of newcomer female youth and their active participation in the design and implementation of such measures.

- McKenzie, David J. (2007). A profile of the world’s young developing country migrants. Institute for the Study of Labor, Discussion Paper Series, IZA DP No. 2948. Bonn, July.

Available from http://ftp.iza.org/dp2948.pdf.

This discussion paper examines youth migration from a gender perspective. It presents a picture of youth migrants from developing countries, focusing on how they move (accompanied or unaccompanied) as well as their participation in education and work in destination countries. Special attention is given to the return migration of young people and its potential for development in countries of origin. The study concludes that while migration is linked to the potential for human capital development among young people, their prospects for success are limited owing to the absence of economic and social integration measures.

Liebig, Thomas, and Sarah Widmaier (2009). Children of immigrants in the labour markets of EU and OECD countries: an overview. OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 97. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. DELSA/ELSA/WD/SEM(2009)25.

Available from http://www.oecd.org/berlin/43880918.pdf.

This study is based on comparative data collected on the education levels and labour market outcomes of native-born offspring of immigrants and offspring of natives in 16 OECD countries. The study notes that in certain OECD countries, children of immigrants experience less favourable labour market outcomes, even at comparable educational attainment levels. Access to quality education is limited for children of immigrants owing to socio-economic background characteristics. A special effort is made to highlight gender-related education and labour market disadvantages young men and women face as immigrants in OECD countries.

-Salzano, Carmela (2013). Youth, Employment and Migration—Review of MDG-F Joint Programmes: Key Findings and Achievements. [Inside cover title: Youth, Employment and Migration—MDG-F Thematic Study: Review of Key Findings and Achievements.] MDG-F Thematic Studies. United Nations Development Programme, MDG Achievement Fund.

Available from http://www.mdgfund.org/sites/default/files/YEM_Thematic%20Study.pdf.

The study reviews the lessons learned from the implementation of Millennium Development Goal Achievement Fund (MDG-F) joint programmes in 15 countries. It highlights some of the factors that have supported the formulation and implementation of programmes and policies on youth, employment and migration. Key insights are presented on how to target at-risk youth, including migrant workers. Efforts to reduce the risks of poverty and vulnerability among youth while empowering them towards greater social and economic mobility are documented in this report.


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The UN Focal Point on Youth aims to build awareness of the global situation of young people, as well as promote their rights and aspirations, working toward greater participation of young people in decision-making as a means for achieving peace and development.

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