In addition to the e-discussion site, there were also postings and uploads onto the United Nations International Year of Youth Facebook page, and a live question and answer Twitter session with United Nations Youth Champion Monique Coleman.
The views conveyed throughout this chapter focus on young people’s entry into the labour market. Almost all of the participants shared both positive and negative experiences of job searching. Indeed, there was no overall consensus as to whether globalization (as represented by such factors as use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) or working abroad, etc.) is, in general, favorable or not. What was made clearwas that many educated young people around the globe are, as recently stated by the International Labour Organization, in “working poverty.”Whereas the technical definition of being in “working poverty” is working while in a family household that lives below the poverty line (US$1.25 a day per person), several of the participants viewed it in a broader sense: as being underemployed and/or in jobs that they don’t see as having long-term prospects. Jimmy from Zambia, for example, replied that his understanding of working poverty relates to:
“…an increase in corruption and nepotism. As a result, youths cannot get jobs easily, especially through the formal channels. Youth are therefore facing working poverty because they are involved in jobs which are not in line with what they are qualified for. In addition, they are often exploited through internships which are not well remunerated.”
Despite this, many of the participants remained hopeful. As Nduta, a student at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban, South Africa, exclaimed: the secret to getting that dream job is to “start small and grow, learn and acquire skills as you progress.” We now turn to some of the most perceptive comments shared.