NOTE: The Week 3 e-consultation is now CLOSED. It is no longer possible to add new comments. For those of you who have not had time to read all of the comments from the week 3 e-consultation, please click here to download the summary of the discussion.
Congratulations to all the young people who have provided comments to the discussions so far!!! For those who are joining us for the first time, welcome to the third week of our e-discussion on youth migration. You have the chance to respond to the questions for today and other previous ones. During the past weeks, young people have shared their ideas, stories and experience on the pre-migration process, staying in transit and their experiences in destination countries.
From 7-13 February 2013, we will discuss the challenges and opportunities that migration presents for those young migrants who have returned to the country of origin or are deciding not to return (Please scroll down this page for today's questions and comment below).
Your ideas and comments on the questions below will contribute directly to the forthcoming UN World Youth Report 2013. Usually 2-3 questions relating to the issue at hand will be posted each day for this consultation. This e-discussion is moderated by Michael Boampong and our guest moderators, Miriam Finseth and Arpitha Upendra. Our moderators will be online to keep the discussion active. Please note that in responding to the questions below we encourage you to share your personal experiences, especially if you are a young migrant, return migrant or a child/relative of a migrant.
Meet the Moderators:
Michael Boampong, Lead moderator
Michael Boampong has been actively engaged in youth development and migration issues since 2005. He has worked with a range of civil society organizations, youth networks and international agencies such as UNDP and UNICEF in the design and implementation of policy and field oriented initiatives that promote rights based approaches to migration, poverty reduction, social inclusion and justice.
Miriam Finseth, Guest moderator
Miriam Finseth has completed a BA in Development Studies at the University of Oslo, Norway. She takes a special interest in the field of migration and has done research on the contribution of diaspora and return migrants to development in the country of origin. She does volunteer work to support young asylum seekers in their application period. Next fall she will be undertaking a MSc in International Migration and Public Policy at the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Arpitha Upendra, Guest moderator
Arpitha Upendra is an environmental lawyer and consultant with Natural Justice where her work focuses on recognition of biocultural rights and the formulation of biocultural community protocols (BCPs) with a focus on internal tribal migration. Her interest has always been to bring in interdisciplinary perspectives into the implementation and understanding of environmental law. As a research intern at Yale University Center of Interdisciplinary Bioethics she worked on a paper critiquing the international legal framework on genetically modified foods through the perspective of environmental ethics and industrial ecology. She was also awarded the World Bank Essay Prize in 2011 for her essay 'Alien Lands, New Opportunities' which focuses on the ecological, cultural and social factors to internal youth migration.
After a period of time living in a host country some young migrants choose to return to their country of origin whereas others remain in the destination country.
To understand the dynamics of return migration, it is important to distinguish between voluntary and involuntary return. Voluntary return is often seen as a potential for development, as evidence suggests that young migrants who return to their home countries are often equipped with new skills, qualifications and economic resources that may generate positive impacts on their families and local communities. Realizing the benefits of return migration, some countries have started undertaking policies that promote sustainable return of migrants. On the other hand, young migrants facing involuntary return will more often find themselves in a difficult and vulnerable position upon returning, and may not have much to return to at all.
The decision to return is only the first step in the direction of going home to build or rebuild a life in ones country of origin. For some young migrants, the process of getting reintegrated in their home community can be challenging especially when there are no support services to facilitate return and reintegration.
Among migrants that are not returning one must also make a distinction between staying voluntarily or involuntarily. A lot of young migrants will experience different or better opportunities in a host country; some will create new relationships, make new friends and families. These migrants may voluntarily decide to settle down for good instead of returning home. There are also some migrants who find themselves in a situation where they want to return, but are unable to do so for various reasons such as lack of legal documents.
We are interested in hearing your thoughts and experiences about return/no return,if you are currently a migrant, a return migrant or are in other ways affected by migration. In your experience, what are/have been the most important concerns, challenges and successes?
Thanks a lot for sharing your stories based on the questions below!
|7 February 2013 (Motivation and influence)||
|8 February 2013 (Return and reintegration)||
|9 February 2013 (Involuntary return)||
|11 February 2013 (Social integration)||
|12-13 February 2013 (No return)||