- Black, Richard, Claudia Natali and Jessica Skinner (2005). Migration and inequality. Background paper for the World Development Report 2006: Equity and Development. Available from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDR2006/Resources/477383-1118673432908/Migration_and_Inequality.pdf. Accessed 30 May 2013.
The paper explores the link between migration and inequality, focusing on the positive and negative effects in both directions. The authors contend that inequality is an impetus for migration, but note that migration may contribute to perpetuating or reducing inequality, depending on factors such as remittance flows.
- United Nations (2011). International Migration in a Globalizing World: The Role of Youth. Technical Paper No. 2011/1. New York. Available from http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/technicalpapers/TP2011-1.pdf. Accessed 3 June 2013.
The paper provides information on the role young people play in international migration, their impact on migration trends, and the motivating factors behind youth migration. Attention is also given to gender considerations, regional migration, and the relationship between population dynamics and future migration trends.
- United Nations Development Programme (2009). Human Development Report 2009—Overcoming Barriers: Human Mobility and Development. New York. Available from http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_EN_Complete.pdf. Accessed 31 May 2013.
The 2009 Report examines the link between human development and migration within the larger context of overall development. It notes that migrants typically move towards areas of higher mobility. The Report also asserts that improved migration policies and initiatives can enhance human development outcomes for migrants and the families they leave behind.
- DeWind, Josh, and Jennifer Holdaway, eds. (2008). Migration and Development within and across Borders: Research and Policy Perspectives on Internal and International Migration. Geneva and New York: International Organization for Migration and Social Science Research Council. Available fromhttp://publications.iom.int/bookstore/free/SSRC.pdf. Accessed 4 June 2013.
This publication contends that there is a positive correlation between migration and development. It provides examples of countries in which internal rural-urban migration has contributed to development, particularly in areas with low levels of education and high urbanization.
- United Nations Population Fund (2005). International Migration and the Millennium Development Goals: Selected Papers of the UNFPA Expert Group Meeting, Marrakech, Morocco, 11-12 May 2005. New York. Available fromhttp://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2005/migration_report_2005.pdf. Accessed 3 June 2013.
This collection of meeting papers highlights the positive impact of international migration on the achievement of Millennium Development Goals—showing, for instance, how remittances can contribute to poverty reduction and economic growth. It explores the connection between migration and MDG achievement in the areas of gender equality, health and social development. The publication concludes with some policy recommendations for addressing migration within the MDG framework.
- Martin, Susan Forbes (2004). Women and migration. Paper prepared for the Consultative Meeting on Migration and Mobility and How This Movement Affects Women, held by the United Nations Division for the Advancement for Women in Malmö, Sweden, from 2 to 4 December 2003. CM/MMW/2003/WP.1. Available fromhttp://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/meetings/consult/CM-Dec03-WP1.pdf. Accessed 20 May 2013.
- Temin, Miriam, Mark R. Montgomery, SaraH Engebretsen, Kathryn M. Barker (2013). Girls on the Move: Adolescent Girls and Migration in the Developing World. New York: Population Council.
This paper examines human mobility from a gender perspective, exploring how women affect and are affected by migration. Although both positive and negative aspects of the issue are addressed, particular attention is given to women’s greater vulnerability to the risks and dangers associated with migration relative to other groups. The paper concludes with suggestions for research and policy action.