UN World Youth Report

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WYR 2013 Chapter Two

Introduction

A young person’s decision to migrate can be influenced by different factors, such as by the desire for a better life or by the need to escape poverty, political persecution, or family/community pressures. Translating plans into action requires a substantial amount of preparation.

This chapter examines the motivating factors behind young people’s migration decisions, the importance of information in preparing for and reducing the risks associated with migration, and the cost of migration and how it influences the choice of migration routes. Key characteristics of migration decisions are also explored, with attention given to factors such as distance and duration, whether the intended move is internal or international, and whether youth migrants are to be accompanied or unaccompanied. The chapter concludes with an overview of the challenges potential youth migrants face and a set of recommendations for various stakeholders.

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The UN Focal Point on Youth aims to build awareness of the global situation of young people, as well as promote their rights and aspirations, working toward greater participation of young people in decision-making as a means for achieving peace and development.

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