UN World Youth Report

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Chap 1: Employment and Youth

Entrepreneurship was a recurrent theme during the week I discussions, including with regard to contributing or adding value to the achievement of decent work. Young people pursue entrepreneurship either out of preference or, increasingly, out of necessity in cases where they are unable to find other work. Several participants strongly felt that youth entrepreneurship is a promising solution to rising or persistent unemployment.

The sector in which participants continue to find the greatest employment opportunities is that of information and communications technologies (ICTs). Some of the countries where jobs in ICT were referenced included Senegal, Latvia and Nigeria.

Decent work deficits have a range of social and other implications. Increasingly, young people are moving to cities or migrating to countries with greater job opportunities, separating from their families and social support networks (International Labour Organization, 2011a, p. 6). Along with migration comes a risk of exploitation and trafficking, particularly among vulnerable youth.

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The UN Focal Point on Youth aims to build awareness of the global situation of young people, as well as promote their rights and aspirations, working toward greater participation of young people in decision-making as a means for achieving peace and development.

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