UN Focal Point on Youth
Website URL: http://social.un.org/index/Youth.aspx
Entrepreneurship was a recurrent theme during the week I discussions, including with regard to contributing or adding value to the achievement of decent work. Young people pursue entrepreneurship either out of preference or, increasingly, out of necessity in cases where they are unable to find other work. Several participants strongly felt that youth entrepreneurship is a promising solution to rising or persistent unemployment.
The sector in which participants continue to find the greatest employment opportunities is that of information and communications technologies (ICTs). Some of the countries where jobs in ICT were referenced included Senegal, Latvia and Nigeria.
Decent work deficits have a range of social and other implications. Increasingly, young people are moving to cities or migrating to countries with greater job opportunities, separating from their families and social support networks (International Labour Organization, 2011a, p. 6). Along with migration comes a risk of exploitation and trafficking, particularly among vulnerable youth.
The present report is largely based on an e-discussion with young people and representatives of youth-led organizations on the transition from schools and training institutions into the world of work.